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Traditional Chinese medicine is a
system of medicine partly based on the idea that an energy, called qi
(say "chee"), flows along pathways in the body called meridians. In this
belief, if the flow of qi along these meridians is blocked or unbalanced,
illness can occur. In China, doctors have practiced traditional Chinese medicine for
thousands of years, and it is gaining in popularity in many Western countries.
Causes of qi imbalance are thought to involve:
Another important concept in traditional Chinese medicine is the
concept of yin and yang. In this approach, all things, including the body, are
composed of opposing forces called yin and yang. Health is said to depend on
the balance of these forces. Traditional Chinese medicine focuses on maintaining the
yin-yang balance to maintain health and prevent illness.
medicine doctors look at the balance of body, mind, and spirit to determine how
to restore qi, the yin-yang balance, and good health.
traditional Chinese medicine to treat many illnesses from
asthma and allergies to cancer and
infertility. Traditional Chinese medicine doctors may use several types of
treatment to restore qi balance.
Traditional Chinese medicine therapies
Research in China and
worldwide has shown traditional Chinese medicine to be helpful for many types of illness.
Because traditional Chinese medicine differs from Western medical practice in diagnosis and
treatment methods, it is difficult to apply Western scientific standards to
For example, in Western medical practice, any two people with
a similar infection (such as
sinusitis) may be treated with a standard course of
antibiotics. In traditional Chinese medicine, each person might receive a different
treatment for the same illness depending on the person's own qi and yin-yang
The United States accredits schools in traditional Chinese medicine,
so a practitioner certified by an accredited school has had extensive training
in traditional Chinese medicine.
The National Institutes of Health, through
the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health and
other institutes, funds ongoing research of many complementary therapies to
determine their benefits and risks. Acupuncture has been the most studied traditional Chinese medicine treatment and has become accepted as a therapy for certain
conditions in the United States. Promising results have been found for the use
of acupuncture in treating nausea and vomiting related to chemotherapy,
postsurgery pain, and pregnancy. Acupuncture also may be useful for other
conditions such as addiction, stroke rehabilitation, headache, menstrual
tennis elbow, low back pain,
carpal tunnel syndrome, and asthma. In general,
acupuncture is safe when done by a certified acupuncturist. The treatment can
be expensive and time-consuming.
Like conventional medicines,
traditional Chinese herbal medicines may also cause side effects, trigger allergic
reactions, or interact with other prescription and nonprescription medicines or
herbs. Before you use any traditional Chinese therapies, be sure to tell your health
professional about any prescription, nonprescription, or other natural
supplements you are taking.
Always tell your doctor if you are
using an alternative therapy or if you are thinking about combining an
alternative therapy with your conventional medical treatment. It may not be
safe to forgo your conventional medical treatment and rely only on an
Other Works Consulted
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2011). Backgrounder. Acupuncture: An introduction. (NCCAM Publication No. D404). Available online: http://nccam.nih.gov/health/acupuncture/introduction.htm.
Nolting MH (2013). Chinese prepared medicines. In JE Pizzorno, MT Murray, eds., Textbook of Natural Medicine, 4th ed., pp. 655–659. St. Louis: Mosby.
Zunin ID, Wong M (2013). Eastern origins of integrative medicine and modern applications. In JE Pizzorno, MT Murray, eds., Textbook of Natural Medicine, 4th ed., pp. 2–7. St. Louis: Mosby.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Current as ofJuly 2, 2015
Current as of:
July 2, 2015
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
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