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If you smoke, your chance of dying from a
heart attack is 2 to 3 times greater than that of a
person who does not smoke. About 1 out of 4 heart attacks is believed to
be directly related to smoking. Smoking is a much more important risk factor
for a heart attack than
high blood pressure, or
stress. Exercise and a good diet cannot erase the
risks to your heart caused by smoking.
Smoking even a few
cigarettes a day (1 to 4) increases your risk of
coronary artery disease. If a person who smokes has a heart attack, his or her risk of
sudden death is twice as great as the risk of a person who does not
After you quit:
How soon you quit matters. People who quit smoking before age 50 reduce by half their
risk of dying in the next 15 years compared with continuing smokers.2 But if you quit smoking before age 35, almost all of the risks from smoking can be reversed.
If you already have coronary artery disease,
your risk of a second heart attack and possible sudden death decreases when you
A person who smokes is twice as likely to die from
stroke as a person who does not smoke. After you quit, your risk of stroke slowly goes down over time.
National Guideline Clearinghouse (2001, updated 2009). Guideline synthesis: Tobacco use cessation. Available online: http://www.guideline.gov/syntheses/synthesis.aspx?id=16422.
American Cancer Society (2010). Prevention and Early Detection: Guide to Quitting Smoking. Atlanta: American Cancer Society. Available online: http://www.cancer.org/Healthy/StayAwayfromTobacco/GuidetoQuittingSmoking/index.
July 6, 2011
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & John Hughes, MD - Psychiatry
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