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Simple Pulmonary Eosinophilia

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Simple Pulmonary Eosinophilia is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Loeffler syndrome
  • Löffler syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
Simple pulmonary eosinophilia (SPE), also known as Loeffler syndrome, is a rare, temporary (transient) respiratory disorder characterized by the accumulation of eosinophils in the lungs (pulmonary eosinophilia). Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell and are part of the immune system. They are usually produced in response to allergens, inflammation or infection and are particularly active in the respiratory tract. Most cases of SPE are believed to be due to an allergic reaction to drugs and infection (especially parasitic ones). SPE usually ranges in severity from individuals who do not develop any symptoms (outside of eosinophilia) to individuals who develop mild symptoms. In extremely rare cases, more significant complications can occur. Generally, no specific therapy is required as symptoms usually go away spontaneously without treatment.

Introduction
Simple pulmonary eosinophilia was first described in the medical literature in 1932. It is classified as a form of eosinophilic lung disease, a large group of interstitial lung diseases. SPE is considered a benign, self-limiting disorder.

Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30333
Tel: (404)639-3534
Tel: (800)232-4636
TDD: (888)232-6348
Email: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/

NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
P.O. Box 30105
Bethesda, MD 20892-0105
Tel: (301)592-8573
Fax: (301)251-1223
Email: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Campaign Urging Research for Eosinophilic Disease (CURED)
PO Box 32
Lincolnshire, IL 60069
Tel: (847)361-3292
Email: ellyn@curedfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.curedfoundation.org

Cincinnati Center for Eosinophilic Disorders
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
3333 Burnet Avenue
MLC 2010
Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039
Tel: (513)636-2233
Fax: (513)636-9069
Tel: (800)344-2462
TDD: (513)636-4900
Email: cced@cchmc.org
Internet: http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/eosinophils

American Partnership for Eosinophilic Disorders
PO Box 29545
Atlanta, GA 30359
Tel: (713)493-7749
Fax: (713)493-7749
Internet: http://www.apfed.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  4/24/2012
Copyright  1989, 2000, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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