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Brown Séquard Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Brown Séquard Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • BSS
  • Hemisection of the Spinal Cord
  • Partial Spinal Sensory Syndrome
  • Hemiparaplegic Syndrome
  • Spastic Spinal Monoplegia Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Brown-Séquard syndrome is a rare spinal disorder that results from an injury to one side of the spinal cord in which the spinal cord is damaged but is not severed completely. It is usually caused by an injury to the spine in the region of the neck or back. In many cases, affected individuals have received some type of puncture wound in the neck or in the back that damages the spine and causes symptoms to appear.

Characteristically, the affected person loses the sense of touch, vibrations and/or position in three dimensions below the level of the injury (hemiparalysis or asymmetric paresis). The sensory loss is particularly strong on the same side (ipsilateral) as the injury to the spine. These sensations are accompanied by a loss of the sense of pain and of temperature (hypalgesia) on the side of the body opposite (contralateral) to the side at which the injury was sustained.

Resources

Spinal Cord Society
19051 County Hwy. 1
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
USA
Tel: (218)739-5252
Fax: (218)739-5262
Email: scs-nc@nc.rr.com
Internet: http://www.spinalcordsociety.com

National Spinal Cord Injury Association
75-20 Astoria Blvd
Jackson Heights, NY 11370
USA
Tel: (718)803-3782
Tel: (800)962-9629
Email: info@spinalcord.org
Internet: http://www.spinalcord.org

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

American Spinal Injury Association
2020 Peachtree Road NW
Atlanta, GA 30309
Tel: (404)355-9772
Fax: (404)355-1826
Email: ASIA_Office@shepherd.org
Internet: http://www.asia-spinalinjury.org/

Spinal Cord Injury Network International
3911 Princeton Drive
Santa Rosa, CA 95405-7013
Tel: (707)577-8796
Fax: (707)577-0605
Tel: (800)548-2673
Email: contact@spinalcordinjury.org
Internet: http://www.spinalcordinjury.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  4/25/2008
Copyright  1993, 2003, 2005 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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